Gearing Ratio evaluates the financial structure of the company. It indicates the ratio of capital raised through debt to that raised through equity. In other words, it is the measure of financial leverage of a company. It is also known as Debt-Equity Ratio.
It can be computed by dividing the company’s total debt (both long-term as well as short term obligations) with the shareholders’ equity. Thus,
Gearing Ratio/Debt-Equity Ratio = Total Debt/ Total Equity