Debt/EBITDA Ratio is commonly used by analysts and creditors to assess the creditworthiness of a business. It is used by your bankers to ensure that the company does not default in honoring its debt obligations and generates sufficient cash to pay off debt liabilities as and when it arises. Before putting any funds in a business, the bankers need to be sure that their money would be safe and would be repaid in time. This assurance is obtained by looking at the Debt/EBITDA ratio.
Debt/EBITDA ratio can be expressed as below:
Debt/EBITDA Ratio = Debt / EBITDA
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Financial ratios are used by lenders to make a decision on whether to provide finances to a business or not. These ratios can be used to evaluate the overall financial position of a business. To build up a strong credibility before its lenders, a business must strengthen its financial ratios.
The financial ratios are classified into four main categories, namely, liquidity ratios, activity ratios, solvency ratios and profitability ratios. Profitability ratios are a measure of the profitability and earnings of the business. One such important ratio which draws the attention of investors is the Return on Net Worth.
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A business may extend credit to its customers for the goods sold & services rendered to them and frame appropriate credit policy suitable to the business. Credit policy indicates the credit period that a company will offer to its customers. A credit policy should not be too liberal that it results in defaults, nor should it be too strict that it restricts sales. Ageing analysis of accounts receivables helps a business in framing an appropriate credit policy and also helps to analyze the category and quality of its debtors.
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Debt service coverage ratio is a ratio commonly used by lenders to assess to the credit worthiness and financial health of a business. It gives a comfort to the lenders if the company generates sufficient cash to pay off its current portion of debt as and when due. Before putting any funds in a business, the lenders also need to be sure that their money would be safe and would indeed be repaid in time. Debt service coverage ratio serves the purpose.
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Profitability ratios indicate the company’s ability to generate revenues over and above the operating expenses of the company during an accounting period. Of all the profitability ratios, Net profit margin is the most closely followed ratio by the shareholders.
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The performance of the business can be evaluated by having an insight into its financials. To build up a strong credibility before its lenders, a business must strengthen its financial ratios. The financial ratios can be classified into four main categories, namely, liquidity ratios, profitability ratios, solvency ratios and activity ratios. Activity ratios are the financial tools that are used to evaluate the ability of the firm to convert its assets into cash or cash equivalents. One such important ratio is Receivables Turnover ratio.
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Gearing Ratio evaluates the financial structure of the company. It indicates the ratio of capital raised through debt to that raised through equity. In other words, it is the measure of financial leverage of a company. It is also known as Debt-Equity Ratio.
It can be computed by dividing the company’s total debt (both long-term as well as short term obligations) with the shareholders’ equity. Thus,
Gearing Ratio/Debt-Equity Ratio = Total Debt/ Total Equity
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Every business has its own core activities which are referred to as the Operating Activities.
Operating Income or Operating Profit refers to the profit that a business has after paying for all its Operating Expenses that include raw material costs, employee costs and all other operating bills. It is the amount available to cover the Interest & Tax obligations of the business. The Operating Profit when divided by the Revenue from Operating Activities gives us Operating Margin or Operating Profit Margin. It is a type of Profitability Ratio which implies how much a company earns as profit for every rupee of its sales.
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As a good financial management principle, it is always advisable to have an optimum mix of debt and equity to maximize your return on the capital invested into the business. Equity is the amount of capital invested by the owners of the business while debt consists of the business loans, mortgage loans availed from banks and financial institutions.
When one takes loans from banks, it has to service the debt by the regular principal and interest payments. So, indeed it makes sense to know how better placed you are in terms of servicing your debt obligations, especially the interest part.
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Every business invests in several assets to earn income. These may include fixed assets which include immovable property and machinery or current assets which include inventory and other working capital requirements.
Asset Turnover Ratio determines how effectively a business is deploying its assets to generate revenue. In financial terms, Asset Turnover ratio is defined as the ratio of Net Revenue of the company to its Total assets (which comprises of both Fixed as well as Current assets).
Thus, Asset Turnover Ratio = Net Sales / Total Assets
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