Debt/EBITDA Ratio is commonly used by analysts and creditors to assess the creditworthiness of a business. It is used by your bankers to ensure that the company does not default in honoring its debt obligations and generates sufficient cash to pay off debt liabilities as and when it arises. Before putting any funds in a business, the bankers need to be sure that their money would be safe and would be repaid in time. This assurance is obtained by looking at the Debt/EBITDA ratio.
Debt/EBITDA ratio can be expressed as below:
Debt/EBITDA Ratio = Debt / EBITDA
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A business may extend credit to its customers for the goods sold & services rendered to them and frame appropriate credit policy suitable to the business. Credit policy indicates the credit period that a company will offer to its customers. A credit policy should not be too liberal that it results in defaults, nor should it be too strict that it restricts sales. Ageing analysis of accounts receivables helps a business in framing an appropriate credit policy and also helps to analyze the category and quality of its debtors.
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Debt service coverage ratio is a ratio commonly used by lenders to assess to the credit worthiness and financial health of a business. It gives a comfort to the lenders if the company generates sufficient cash to pay off its current portion of debt as and when due. Before putting any funds in a business, the lenders also need to be sure that their money would be safe and would indeed be repaid in time. Debt service coverage ratio serves the purpose.
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Profitability ratios indicate the company’s ability to generate revenues over and above the operating expenses of the company during an accounting period. Of all the profitability ratios, Net profit margin is the most closely followed ratio by the shareholders.
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The performance of the business can be evaluated by having an insight into its financials. To build up a strong credibility before its lenders, a business must strengthen its financial ratios. The financial ratios can be classified into four main categories, namely, liquidity ratios, profitability ratios, solvency ratios and activity ratios. Activity ratios are the financial tools that are used to evaluate the ability of the firm to convert its assets into cash or cash equivalents. One such important ratio is Receivables Turnover ratio.
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Your credit score is the mirror to your lenders in terms of your repayment habits and to some extent, your reliance on debts. Thus, it is important for you to have a good credit score. Reviewing your credit report indeed helps you understand your credit health but understanding what is impacting your credit score is also important.
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Gearing Ratio evaluates the financial structure of the company. It indicates the ratio of capital raised through debt to that raised through equity. In other words, it is the measure of financial leverage of a company. It is also known as Debt-Equity Ratio.
It can be computed by dividing the company’s total debt (both long-term as well as short term obligations) with the shareholders’ equity. Thus,
Gearing Ratio/Debt-Equity Ratio = Total Debt/ Total Equity
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Once you have decided to apply for a small business loan, it helps to have an understanding both of your circumstances as well as the business loan lender’s perspective. This will help to improve the odds of success, and apply for a loan type and amount that is suitable to both your needs and your capacity.
Here are 5 important questions you should ask and answer before you apply for an unsecured business loan:
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Banks & Financial Institutions consider various factors to assess your credit worthiness whenever you apply for a loan. Fixed Obligations to Interest Ratio (FOIR) is one of the most important elements of the credit appraisal process of any business or individual. This ratio helps in determining their loan eligibility by comparing the Current Fixed Obligations of the applicant to his/her Net Monthly Income.
The Current Fixed Obligations include all the fixed monthly obligations of the customer but exclude the statutory deductions such as monthly Provident Fund contributions, Insurance Premiums, Professional Tax, Charity, Recurring Deposits, etc., which in turn help in determining his/her maximum monthly repayment capacity.
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Every business has its own core activities which are referred to as the Operating Activities.
Operating Income or Operating Profit refers to the profit that a business has after paying for all its Operating Expenses that include raw material costs, employee costs and all other operating bills. It is the amount available to cover the Interest & Tax obligations of the business. The Operating Profit when divided by the Revenue from Operating Activities gives us Operating Margin or Operating Profit Margin. It is a type of Profitability Ratio which implies how much a company earns as profit for every rupee of its sales.
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